Log in

No account? Create an account
An author of no particular popularity

Jay Lake
Date: 2007-03-28 05:58
Subject: Perseveration and crutches and uniques, oh my
Security: Public
Tags:madness, process, writing
Working on Madness of Flowers drove home for me one of the basics of my writing. I am death on word echoes. To me, those are almost the epitome of bad style. Sadly, no matter how carefully I read for them, I always miss some. (Is there a regular expression which finds duplicate text strings within N characters?)

Echoes seem to rise from several sources. They're interesting to me, as a sort of window into my writing process. Note that some words don't count as echoes -- common verbs, pronouns, etc. For others, the echo factor has to do with proximity. A character name feels like an echo if its repeated twice in one sentence, but not every paragraph or two. An unusual adjective, say /vainglorious/, can be an echo if it appears twice in the same manuscript. Monotonous, repetitive sentence or paragraph structures can really point up words which might not otherwise echo so intensely either.

The key is whether the word draws attention to itself, and distracts the reader thereby.


Perseveration is when I get a word lodged in my mind while writing, and it appears several times across two or three pages. So for example, I might have /enspelled/. Which has loads of synonyms and near-synonyms. (One of the great glories of writing in English is our ridiculously large and varied vocabulary.) /enscorcelled/, /enchanted/, /caught within a glamer/, /magicked/, etc. If I'm looking over a manuscript and I see /enspelled/ more than once, unless there's a very good reason for it, I go on a scorched earth hunt for the sucker.


Crutch words are a special case of perseveration. While perseveration (nice echo, huh?) tends to drop off after a couple of pages, crutch words (or phrases) echo throughout a manuscript. In Madness of Flowers, one of my crutches was "For one", as in "For one, she's a right bastard and she'll kill us all." Almost without exception, that tag was a de-intensifier that I cut on rewriter -- it was a mental equivalent of saying /um/ in speech, a stall while I worked out what was coming next. It's been a different word or phrase in other books and stories, but I always seem to have a few of them.


Occasionally, even in this language you have words or phrases with few good synonyms or substitutions. Volcanoes erupt, for example. There aren't a lot of other verbs for that. (Feel free to diss me on this in comments, but the basic point holds true.) You can talk about lava rippling or fountains of molten rock or pyroclastic flows, but there's only so many ways to say "the volcano erupted." There's a point at which the contortions to avoid the echo become more artificial than the echo itself.

I hate that.


Then there's just good old-fashioned clunks. For example, this language doesn't do a lot with pronoun case. The sentence, "Susie gave Jane her purse." is inherently ambiguous. Whose purse did Susie give to Jane? You can write around it to some degree, but the simple fact is that native English speakers cope with these ambiguities every day with little to no confusion. Generally there is plenty of context by the time you get to a sentence like that. Likewise, the degree of repetition required of a major character name can turn into a clunk.

Everything about an echo is dependent on the situation, of course. But for me personally, it's one of the greatest offenses in my own writing, and something I go to great lengths to manage. Maybe someday I'll get it right.
Post A Comment | 24 Comments | | Link

User: juliabk
Date: 2007-03-28 16:01 (UTC)
Subject: (no subject)
I'm sure there's a formal word for this particular situation, but for the life of me I can't bring it to mind. I think of it as the $50 Word Phenomenon. You're going along and the writer (which could be oneself) is happily spending words in the $15 to $25 range where appropriate. Then all the sudden they break the bank by picking up a bright shiny $50 word and drop it there on the knick-knack shelf for everyone to admire. The only problem is folks'll look at it, they'll be terribly impressed because they can tell it cost a fortune, but they'll never admit they have no idea what it is. And all the while they're looking at it and trying to pretend they know exactly what it's for, the poor story has come to a dead stop and is slowly sinking in the mire.

(Note to self: stop reading Twain before bed.)
Reply | Thread | Link

Jay Lake
User: jaylake
Date: 2007-03-28 16:03 (UTC)
Subject: (no subject)
I have often been accused of this particular sin.
Reply | Parent | Thread | Link

User: juliabk
Date: 2007-03-28 16:16 (UTC)
Subject: (no subject)
Jay? Hold out your hands. Just hold them out straight. Right, just like that.


Now stop that! :-)

Don't make me hide your keyboard.
Reply | Parent | Thread | Link

Bibbit: words
User: bridget_coila
Date: 2007-03-28 19:10 (UTC)
Subject: (no subject)
accused says the man...

We're gonna have to hold some kind of kangaroo court for this one... I can see it already...

Reply | Parent | Thread | Link

User: juliabk
Date: 2007-03-28 19:59 (UTC)
Subject: (no subject)
Nope. There's no defense. If you're going to use $50 words, then use them, but don't mix 'em up with the $15 and $20 words. That's just mean to the reader.
Reply | Parent | Thread | Link

User: dinogrl
Date: 2007-03-29 00:11 (UTC)
Subject: (no subject)
(Hee) I have to agree with juliabk, however, sometimes [your] peccability is a good thing. We need to stretch our grey matter for a moment of clarification.
Reply | Parent | Thread | Link

my journal
January 2014
2012 appearances